For Freedom and the Republic! The Reich Banner Black-Red-Gold, 1924–1933
An exhibition by the German Resistance Memorial Center
The Reich Banner Black-Red-Gold association of republican war veterans was founded as a cross-party organization for the protection of the Weimar Republic after the severe political upheaval of 1923. Social Democrats and members of the German Democratic Party and Center Party worked to help reinforce the republic and uphold the constitution.
Most members of the Reich Banner were former soldiers from World War I. Unlike the extreme-right Stahlhelm (Steel Helmet) veterans' and defense organization or the Communist Party's (KPD) Red Front Fighters' Alliance, its members supported Germany's new democracy. The Reich Banner soon developed into a mass organization with up to three million members.
The Reich Banner Black-Red-Gold aimed to anchor a democratic and republican understanding of the state in the population. After the National Socialists' success in the 1930 elections, the Reich Banner intensified its campaigning against National Socialist violence. Labor unions, the SPD, the Reich Banner, and workers' sports organizations consolidated at the end of 1931 to form the Iron Front.
However, Hitler's appointment as Reich Chancellor on January 30, 1933, sealed the republicans' defeat. The Reich Banner's last major freedom rally was held outside the Berlin Palace on February 19, 1933. The Reich Banner was banned shortly later and its activists were persecuted, imprisoned, or driven into exile.
The exhibition is on display in the special exhibition area on the first floor until July 22, 2018.
Mon-Wed, Fri 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Thurs 9 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Sat, Sun and public holidays 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
We reserve the right to make changes. Information by telephone: +49 (0)30-26 99 50 00.